There's a Chasam Sofer in this week's parsha that says two fascinating things. I'm going to do an interpretive translation of what he says and we'll see where it leads.
1. If a woman sends her husband out to learn, if she encourages him to be kovei'a ittim, and he goes out to a seder, and he wastes his time, then the woman has the complete schar of talmud Torah, and the man has nothing but the punishment for bittul Torah. It's not her fault that he didn't learn: she did what she was obligated to do. In Olam Haba, she will shine with the brilliance of Torah, and he will be....what? An empty cup of coffee? A list of fantasy football stats? Nothing, nothing, nothing.
2. Michal bas Shaul held like Reb Yosef's hava amina, that eino metzuva v'osseh is greater than metzuva v'oseh. She wore tefillin, as everyone knows from the Gemara in Eiruvin, and that was emblematic of her attitude about women and Zman Grama mitzvos. She didn't want to be bothered to encourage or enable her husband to grow in Torah, because she was busy learning and doing and growing on her own. This is why she had no children till the day she died: her tafkid was to enable others to learn, and by declining to engage in her specific function; the siyata dishmaya for her consonant ability to bear children was impaired.
One thing the Chasam Sofer says is that אין נחת לפניו באינו מצוויים ועושים. I found that to resonate with the Baal Ha'Itur and the Yereim brought by the Rosh in RH 4:7, which is surprising since we in Ashkenaz pasken like the Rav'yah (brought in the Rosh) and the Ra'avad (in the beginning of Toras Kohanim by Semicha), who hold that whatever a man does has full mitzva significance by a woman. (For an basic outline of some of these opinions, see here.) I have to admit, though, that the Shaagas Aryeh in 106 also goes with that mehalach where he assers carrying a shofar through reshus harabim for a woman that needs to hear tekiyos. Still, I think the Chasam Sofer is going even farther than characterizing it as mere כדי לעשות נחת רוח לנשים (Chagiga 16b).
The Chasam Sofer ends by saying that